Knee replacement surgery aids in restoring the weight-bearing façade of a damaged, or diseased knee. The main aim of the knee replacement is to remove pain and restore mobility. The process is also known as “knee arthroplasty, or “knee resurfacing.”
The surgeon caps the ends of the bones that form the knee joint using implants, prosthetics, or metal or plastic components usually shaped as a joint to enable the knee to move properly for improvement in pain levels and mobility.
TKR is commonly done for patients who require the replacement of both sides of the knee joint. The surgery for knee replacement lasts between 1 and 3 hours where the patient can feel less pain and have better mobility.
PKR replaces only one side of the knee joint. In this replacement surgery, less bone is removed, the incision is smaller, less blood loss, lower risk of infection and blood clots, and the post-operative rehabilitation is more straightforward.
Knee arthroplasty requires a patient to undergo medical consultations, preoperative preparation, and physical evaluations usually before a month or the set date of the operation. which includes checking for blood clots, blood count, and carrying out electrocardiograms (ECGs), and urine tests.
Knee surgery is performed either under general, spinal, or epidural anesthetic. During the surgical procedure, the surgeon will eject or remove the damaged cartilage and bone, and then position it with a new implant, made of plastic, metal, or both.
A patient who has done knee replacement surgery in Chennai will be hospitalized for about 1 to 3 days, it depends on how well they follow and respond to rehabilitation. Physical therapy sessions are given to strengthen the surgical knee.
– Intake of iron supplements to aid in muscle strength and healing wounds. – Avoid bending down or lifting heavy things. – Do not stand still for longer periods. – Use crutches, a walker, or a walking stick, until the knee gets strong to manage body weight.
– Intake of all medications as per the doctor’s instructions. – Carry out recommended exercises for proper mobility. – Keep the affected leg raised on a footstool. – Avoid soaking the wound until the scar gets completely healed. – Monitor blood clots, infections, or pulmonary embolism.
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