Arthroscopic Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) is a cutting-edge surgical procedure used to treat cartilage defects in the knee joint, offering hope to individuals suffering from cartilage damage or injuries. The arthroscopic ACI cartilage transplant in Chennai is a minimally invasive technique that combines arthroscopy, a procedure that uses a small camera to visualize the inside of the joint, with the transplantation of a patient’s own chondrocytes (cartilage cells) to facilitate the repair of damaged cartilage.
The process of arthroscopic ACI cartilage transplant in Chennai begins with the removal of a small sample of healthy cartilage from a non-weight-bearing area of the patient’s joint during an arthroscopic procedure. These chondrocytes are then cultured and multiplied in a laboratory, a process that may take several weeks. Once an adequate number of cells are obtained, a second arthroscopic procedure is performed to implant the cultured chondrocytes into the damaged area.
ACI offers several advantages over traditional cartilage repair methods. Because it uses a patient’s own cells, there is minimal risk of immune rejection. Additionally, ACI is particularly suitable for treating larger cartilage defects that may not respond well to other treatments like microfracture surgery. It can also potentially delay or even prevent the progression of osteoarthritis, a common degenerative joint disease associated with cartilage damage.
Patients typically begin resuming light daily activities within 3-6 months post-arthroscopic ACI cartilage transplant in Chennai. However, full recovery for more strenuous activities, such as sports, can take up to a year or longer. The duration varies based on factors like the extent of cartilage damage and individual healing rates. Patients should closely follow their rehabilitation plan and consult with their healthcare team.
While arthroscopic ACI cartilage transplant in Chennai is generally considered safe, there are potential risks to be aware of. These can include infection, graft failure, and the formation of scar tissue around the surgical site. Additionally, there is a small risk associated with anesthesia. It’s essential for patients to have a detailed discussion with their surgeon to understand these risks and make an informed decision about the procedure.
Arthroscopic ACI cartilage transplant in Chennai is most effective for treating focal cartilage defects, often caused by injuries or localized damage. However, it may not be the ideal treatment for widespread osteoarthritis or severe knee instability. Orthopedic surgeons evaluate each case individually to determine the best treatment approach, which may involve alternative procedures or therapies for specific conditions.